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Contraceptive Pearls


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Over-the-Counter Access to Oral Contraceptives

Written by H. Reeve Bright Requiring a prescription for oral contraceptive pills (OCPs) creates access barriers for patients. Over-the-counter (OTC) OCPs are available in over 100 countries throughout the world, but not in the United States. As of July 2021, 21 states offered pharmacist-prescribed birth control pills, but no states offered over-the-counter OCPs.¹ Recently, HRA Pharma…

HIV Counseling & Screening for People Without HIV

Written by Samantha Hyacinth with support from The Well Project Approximately 1 in 7 of the estimated 1.1 million people living with HIV in the US are unaware of their diagnosis.¹ About 40% of new HIV cases involve transmission from someone who is unaware that they have it. Because it is important to start antiretroviral therapy as…

Contraceptive Pearl: Contraceptive Counseling for People Living with HIV

Written by Samantha Hyacinth with support from The Well Project Major advancements in HIV treatment and prevention mean that people living with HIV are no longer limited to condoms for contraception. Most patients with HIV have the full range of contraceptive options. Studies of couples all over the world show that when a person living with…

Contraceptive Pearl: Preconception Counseling for People Living with HIV

Written by Samantha Hyacinth with support from The Well Project By the end of 2019, about 1.2 million people aged 13 and older were living with HIV in the United States.¹ Because HIV is transmitted mainly via sex and injection drug use, it carries more stigma than other chronic diseases. People living with HIV are unfairly portrayed…

Contraceptive Pearl: Understanding Reproductive Coercion

Written by Chelsea Faso, M.D. Reproductive coercion is defined as behaviors or policies that interfere with decision-making about contraception and pregnancy. In the US, clinicians have often been complicit in implementing and enforcing reproductive oppression and coercive practices, sending and reinforcing the message: certain groups of people are more fit to parent than others. This…

Contraceptive Pearl: Vasectomy Reversal

Written by Deyang Nyandak, MD. Vasectomy is a safe and effective permanent birth control method. Six to eight percent of married couples in the world rely on this method¹. Compared to vasectomy, tubal ligation has 20 times the risk of major complications and three times the cost².  Some patients regret vasectomy and wish to conceive. People…

Contraceptive Pearl: Special Considerations for People with Substance Use Disorder (SUD)

Written by Sheila Attaie, D.O. Substance Use Disorder (SUD) is a treatable chronic illness.  People with SUD have higher rates of unintended pregnancy, sexually transmitted diseases, infertility, and mortality related to pregnancy; and lower rates of contraceptive use¹. People with SUD face profound stigma, barriers to care, and even criminalization when interfacing with the medical industrial complex.…

Contraceptive Pearls

This monthly clinical e-newsletter highlights evidence-based best practices for contraceptive care

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